Ocular Disease & Trauma

Dry Eye Syndrome

It occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is decreased, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. Artificial tear lubricants, silicone plugs for blocking the tear ducts, and topical medications are available treatments to help manage the problem.


is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. This distortion increases as the cornea progressively thins and bulges. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. Another contact lens option is a hybrid lens, which is a gas permeable lens surrounded by a soft lens skirt that increases comfort. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.

Diabetic Retinopathy

is a condition that can occur when a diabetic person’s blood sugar gets too high. High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits known as exudates. Vision can be lost permanently if these spots are not watched and treated. At our office, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to carefully manage this and other important eye diseases.


is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred, and increases glare that can be very distracting at night. There are many different types of cataracts. The one shown here is a cortical cataract. Here the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an artificial acrylic lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.

Macular Degeneration

is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation. It is considered a natural aging process. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Treatment includes better nutritional management usually involving a supplement containing the primary minerals and vitamins that are found lacking in many macular degenerated patients, as well as laser and injections to help reduce swelling and leakage of the retinal vessels.

Our vision experts are here to assist you